Indonesia is trapped in a conundrum between the increasing demand of palm oil and efforts to restrict deforestation rates. Admittedly, palm oil presents a lucrative industry whereby Indonesia has consistently been the world’s major player with production reaching 59% of the world’s supply. By gradually increasing its production, palm oil generated more than $15 billion to Indonesia’s GDP annually. Moreover, the Indonesian Government wants to increase palm oil production. Realizing the complexity behind palm oil production, our team wishes to explore four multidimensional within this issue: economic, social systems, environment, and government.